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des tramways à Washington ?

 
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The Spy
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:29 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

PublicitéSupprimer les publicités ?
Photos d'un défilé à Washington.
Ce sont bien des rails que l'on distingue sur ces clichés, n'est-ce pas ?




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mcshan
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:47 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Il est fort possible que soit un tramway. Au Québec, la ville de Montréal en avait un à cette époque...
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The Spy
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:48 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Et ça tournait à quoi ?
Au charbon ?
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mcshan
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:54 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Voici un lien vers le site du Musée McCord :
http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/fr/collection/artefacts/M2001X.6.40

Entre 1861, première année d'exploitation du tramway de Montréal (...). Hors de prix pour plusieurs au départ, le tramway devient plus accessible au fil des années tandis que se constitue un système public de transport. Le nombre de passages dans les véhicules de la Montreal Street Railway grimpe constamment, passant de 1 million en 1863 à 11 millions en 1892 et à plus de 60 millions en 1904.

Au tournant du XXe siècle, le tramway est devenu un moyen de transport de masse.
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mcshan
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:56 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

The Spy wrote:
Et ça tournait à quoi ? Au charbon ?




On utilisait un cheval :

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mcshan
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 14:59 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Autre exemple,  rue Notre-Dame, Montréal, QC, vers 1870 :



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The Spy
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 15:06 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

 Ah oui... excellent !
très intéressante cette photo.
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daddutt roger
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 16:51 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

aux USA, le tramway à traction animale (appelé "Streetcar") c'est dès le début des années 1830 à New York
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"I would rather be assassinated than see a single star removed from the American flag." Abraham Lincoln
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The Spy
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PostPosted: Sat 28 Sep - 18:35 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Merci à vous deux.
Avec vos infos, j'ai fais quelques recherches.
voici quelques photos intéressantes, et un petit texte en VO

Effectivement, le tramway (Streetcar) est plus ancien qu'on le croit dans les rues de Washington












Mass Transit in Washington, 1862-Style

Streetcars appear to be making a comeback in Washington, D.C.with lines being planned for the H street corridor in Northeast and Anacostia.  With all the local debate about whether overhead wires should be used in the city's core, we might want to consider an alternative motive power:  horses. While many Washingtonians know that DC's once vibrant street car system last clanged its bells in 1962, few are aware of DC's first streetcar a century earlier.

New York City first used horse-drawn streetcars on rails sometime in the 1830s, but the idea was slow to take hold in Washington.  Washington residents not wishing to walk through the city's muddy roads had to rely on "omnibuses," an inconvenient, dangerous and dusty 19th century version of a microbus. This may have been fine when Pennsylvania Avenue was, as one newspaperman  put it, "more a cornfield than the great thoroughfare of and Principal Avenue of a Metropolis."  However, as a burgeoning wartime capital, improved transportation options were needed. Sound familiar?


On May 17, 1862 Congress granted a charter to the Washington & Georgetown Railroad Company to operate Washington's first horse-drawn streetcar.  Rails were laid down Pennsylvania Avenue and service  from the State Department to the Capitol commenced in July with nine streetcars.  By October 1862, the streetcar ran from M and Wisconsin in Georgetown to the Navy Yard.  The fare  was less than five cents.The route traveled along M Street in Georgetown, then east along Pennsylvania Avenue past the Capitol, and then headed south on 8th Street, SE to the Navy Yard.

In 1864, the Washington & Georgetown Railroad Company was able to report a healthy nine percent profit and estimated that its horse cars had carried 7.5 million passengers that year. (In FY 2010, the Washington Metrorail provided over 217 million passenger trips).  That same year, a second streetcar company, the Metropolitan Railroad Company, began operations. 

Washington's first streetcars were a segregated affair.  African-Americans were only permitted on the front and rear platforms of regular streetcars.  Congress sought to address this practice when it issued the Metropolitan Railroad Company's charter by stating that "there shall be no regulation excluding any person from any car on account of color."

After the war, the streetcars, which were electrified by the end of the 19th Century, helped create Washington's first suburbs (Cleveland Park, Colombia Heights, etc.), delivering residents from their homes to work and back.  This  system served Washington residents through 1962.  But, as they say, "what is old is new again."  Now if only, we could get a horse-drawn streetcar line out to Dulles Airport.  We could build it quicker, cheaper and it might even be faster than driving on I-66 in rush-hour.
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Fortyniner
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PostPosted: Wed 2 Oct - 13:40 (2013)    Post subject: des tramways à Washington ? Reply with quote

Très bon article et belles photos de ces tramways de l'époque !
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